Trace Elements In Abiotic And Biotic Environments

Trace Elements in Abiotic and Biotic Environments PDF
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Author: Alina Kabata-Pendias
Publisher: CRC Press
ISBN: 100021897X
Size: 48.19 MB
Format: PDF, Kindle
Category : Science
Languages : en
Pages : 468
View: 3417

This book helps readers understand the fundamental principles and phenomena that control the transfer of trace elements. It describes the occurrence and behavior of trace elements in rocks, soil, water, air, and plants, and also discusses the anthropogenic impact to the environment. In addition, the book covers the presence of trace elements in feeds, as either contaminants or as nutritional or zootechnical additives, and their transfer across the food chain to humans. All trace elements are covered-from aluminum to zirconium-as well as rare-earth elements (actinides and lanthanides).


Mammals And Birds As Bioindicators Of Trace Element Contaminations In Terrestrial Environments

Mammals and Birds as Bioindicators of Trace Element Contaminations in Terrestrial Environments PDF
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Author: Elżbieta Kalisińska
Publisher: Springer
ISBN: 3030001210
Size: 52.64 MB
Format: PDF, Mobi
Category : Science
Languages : en
Pages : 708
View: 1981

The population explosion that began in the 1960s has been accompanied by a decrease in the quality of the natural environment, e.g. pollution of the air, water and soil with essential and toxic trace elements. Numerous poisonings of people and animals with highly toxic anthropogenic Hg and Cd in the 20th century prompted the creation of the abiotic environment, mainly in developed countries. However, the system is insufficient for long-term exposure to low concentrations of various substances that are mainly ingested through food and water. This problem could be addressed by the monitoring of sentinels – organisms that accumulate trace elements and as such reflect the rate and degree of environmental pollution. Usually these are long-lived vertebrates – herbivorous, omnivorous and carnivorous birds and mammals, especially game species. This book describes the responses of the sentinels most commonly used in ecotoxicological studies to 17 trace elements.


Fundamentals Of Site Remediation

Fundamentals of Site Remediation PDF
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Author: John Pichtel, Dr.
Publisher: Rowman & Littlefield
ISBN: 1641433140
Size: 45.74 MB
Format: PDF, ePub, Mobi
Category : Technology & Engineering
Languages : en
Pages : 476
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New, updated edition of the acclaimed guide for metal- and hydrocarbon-contaminated soils. Concise and comprehensive, with the latest field remediation technologies, including nanotechnology and revegetation.


Nickel In Soils And Plants

Nickel in Soils and Plants PDF
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Author: Christos Tsadilas
Publisher: CRC Press
ISBN: 1351650696
Size: 33.49 MB
Format: PDF, Docs
Category : Nature
Languages : en
Pages : 391
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Soils with high Ni contents occur in several parts of the world, especially in areas with ultramafic rocks which cause serious environmental impacts. This book aims to extend the knowledge on the risks and problems caused by elevated Ni contents and to cover the existing gaps on issues related to various aspects and consequences of high Ni contents in soils and plants. Nickel in Soils and Plants brings together discussions on Ni as a trace element and as a micronutrient essential for plant growth and its role in plant physiology. It analyzes the biogeochemistry of Ni at the soil plant interface, and explains its behavior in the rhizosphere resulting in Ni deficiency or toxicity, or Ni tolerance of various Ni hyperaccumulators. Included are Ni resources and sources, the origin of soil Ni, its geochemical forms in soils and their availability to plants, a special reference on soils enriched with geogenic Ni, such as serpentine soils, and the special characteristics of those ecosystems. Recent advancements in methods of Ni speciation, including the macroscale and X- ray absorption spectroscopy studies as well as serious views on Ni kinetics, are also covered. Written by a team of internationally recognized researchers and expert contributors, this comprehensive work addresses the practical aspects of managing Ni in soils and plants for agricultural production, and managing soils with high Ni levels by using organic and inorganic amendments. The text also addresses practical measures related to Ni toxicity in plants, the removal and recovery of Ni from high Ni wastes, and offers environmentally friendly innovative processes for mining Ni from soils containing high Ni levels.


Modern Soil Microbiology Third Edition

Modern Soil Microbiology  Third Edition PDF
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Author: Jan Dirk van Elsas
Publisher: CRC Press
ISBN: 042960792X
Size: 40.64 MB
Format: PDF
Category : Technology & Engineering
Languages : en
Pages : 500
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The living soil is crucial to photosynthesis, biogeochemical cycles, global food production, climate change, biodiversity, and plant and animal health. In the past decade, scientists have made significant advances in soil microbiology research. While the basic principles are now better understood, knowledge has been forthcoming on the best available technologies and methods applied to researching soil microorganisms, their diversity, interactions, biochemistry, survival, gene expression, and their roles in global climate change, plant disease suppression and growth stimulation, and biogeochemical cycles. This knowledge can be applied to better predict the transformation of pollutants in soil and the activities of microbes in the rhizosphere. It will also assist us in fostering crop production in an era with an increasing human population and intensification of agriculture. Following the tradition of its predecessors, Modern Soil Microbiology, Third Edition, is an indispensable source that supports graduate/undergraduate teaching for soil and environmental microbiologists in academia, as well as in government and industrial laboratories. It is a comprehensive collection of chapters on various aspects of soil microbiology, useful for all professionals working with soils. Compiled by internationally renowned educators and research scholars, this textbook contains key tables, figures, and photographs, supported by thousands of references to illustrate the depth of knowledge in soil microbiology. FEATURES Fully updated and expanded to include new key chapters on historical developments, future applications, and soil viruses and proteins Discusses molecular methods applied to soil microbiology, diverse soil microorganisms, and global climate change Emphasizes the role of terrestrial microorganisms and cycles involved in climate change Details the latest molecular methods applied to soil microbiology research User-friendly for students, and containing numerous tables, figures, and illustrations to better understand the current knowledge in soil microbiology


Handbook Of Bioremediation

Handbook of Bioremediation PDF
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Author: Mirza Hasanuzzaman
Publisher: Academic Press
ISBN: 0128193832
Size: 28.75 MB
Format: PDF
Category : Science
Languages : en
Pages : 764
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Handbook of Bioremediation: Physiological, Molecular and Biotechnological Interventions discusses the mechanisms of responding to inorganic and organic pollutants in the environment using different approaches of phytoremediation and bioremediation. Part One focuses specifically on inorganic pollutants and the use of techniques such as metallothionein-assisted remediation, phytoextraction and genetic manipulation. Part Two covers organic pollutants and consider topics such as plant enzymes, antioxidant defense systems and the remediation mechanisms of different plant species. This comprehensive volume is a must-read for researchers interested in plant science, agriculture, soil science and environmental science. The techniques covered in this book will ensure scientists have the knowledge to practice effective bioremediation techniques themselves. Provides a comprehensive review of the latest advances in bioremediation of organic and inorganic pollutants Discusses a range of different phytoremediation techniques Evaluates the role of genomics and bioinformatics within bioremediation


Essential Plant Nutrients

Essential Plant Nutrients PDF
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Author: M. Naeem
Publisher: Springer
ISBN: 3319588419
Size: 51.60 MB
Format: PDF
Category : Science
Languages : en
Pages : 570
View: 225

This book explores the agricultural, commercial, and ecological future of plants in relation to mineral nutrition. It covers various topics regarding the role and importance of mineral nutrition in plants including essentiality, availability, applications, as well as their management and control strategies. Plants and plant products are increasingly important sources for the production of energy, biofuels, and biopolymers in order to replace the use of fossil fuels. The maximum genetic potential of plants can be realized successfully with a balanced mineral nutrients supply. This book explores efficient nutrient management strategies that tackle the over and under use of nutrients, check different kinds of losses from the system, and improve use efficiency of the plants. Applied and basic aspects of ecophysiology, biochemistry, and biotechnology have been adequately incorporated including pharmaceuticals and nutraceuticals, agronomical, breeding and plant protection parameters, propagation and nutrients managements. This book will serve not only as an excellent reference material but also as a practical guide for readers, cultivators, students, botanists, entrepreneurs, and farmers.


Plant Responses And Tolerance To Metal Metalloid Toxicity

Plant Responses and Tolerance to Metal Metalloid Toxicity PDF
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Author: Mirza Hasanuzzaman
Publisher: MDPI
ISBN: 3039361988
Size: 73.40 MB
Format: PDF
Category : Science
Languages : en
Pages : 318
View: 309

This Special Issue provides 15 research articles and 4 comprehensive review articles on various aspects of plant–metal/metalloid interactions. - Up-to-date information on plant responses to metals/metalloids are published. - Various mechanisms of plant tolerance to metals’/metalloids’ toxicity are presented. - Exogenous applications of mitigating metals’/metalloids’ toxicity are discussed. - Sustainable technologies in growing plants in metal/metalloid-contaminated environments are discussed. - Phytoremediation techniques for the remediation of metals/metalloids are discussed.


Trace Elements In Soils And Plants

Trace Elements in Soils and Plants PDF
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Author: Alina Kabata-Pendias
Publisher: CRC Press
ISBN: 1420093703
Size: 18.53 MB
Format: PDF, ePub, Mobi
Category : Science
Languages : en
Pages : 548
View: 5038

Still the Gold Standard Resource on Trace Elements and Metals in SoilsThis highly anticipated fourth edition of the bestselling Trace Elements in Soils and Plants reflects the explosion of research during the past decade regarding the presence and actions of trace elements in the soil-plant environment. The book provides information on the biogeoch


Trace Elements In Terrestrial Environments

Trace Elements in Terrestrial Environments PDF
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Author: Domy C. Adriano
Publisher: Springer Science & Business Media
ISBN: 0387215107
Size: 49.93 MB
Format: PDF, Docs
Category : Science
Languages : en
Pages : 867
View: 254

A comprehensive reference handbook on the important aspects of trace elements in the land environment. Each chapter addresses a particular element and gives a general introduction to their role in the environment, where they come from, and their biogeochemical cycles. In addition to a complete updating of each of the element chapters, this new edition has new chapters devoted to aluminum and iron, soil contamination, remediation and trace elements in aquatic ecosystems. In short, an essential resource for environmental scientists and chemists, regulators and policy makers.