The Transformation Of The International Order Of Asia

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Author: Shigeru Akita
Publisher: Routledge
ISBN: 1317694848
Size: 50.39 MB
Format: PDF
Category : History
Languages : en
Pages : 256
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In Asia the 1950s were dominated by political decolonization and the emergence of the Cold War system, and newly independent countries were able to utilize the transformed balance of power for their own economic development through economic and strategic aid programmes. This book examines the interconnections between the transfer of power and state governance in Asia, the emergence of the Cold War, and the transfer of hegemony from the UK to the US, by focusing specifically on the historical roles of international economic aid and the autonomous response from Asian nation states in the immediate post-war context. The Transformation of the International Order of Asia offers closely interwoven perspectives on international economic and political relations from the 1950s to the 1960s, with specific focus on the Colombo Plan and related aid policies of the time. It shows how the plan served different purposes: Britain’s aim to reduce India’s wartime sterling balances in London; the quest for India’s economic independence under Jawaharlal Nehru; Japan’s regional economic assertion and its endeavour to improve its international status; Britain’s publicity policy during the reorganization of British aid policies at a time of economic crisis; and more broadly, the West’s desire to counter Soviet influence in Asia. In doing so, the chapters explore how international economic aid relations became reorganized in relation to the independent development of states in Asia during the period, and crucially, the role this transformation played in the emergence of a new international order in Asia. Drawing on a wide range of international contemporary and archival source materials, this book will be welcomed by students and scholars interested in Asian, international, and economic history, politics and development studies.


The International Order Of Asia In The 1930s And 1950s

The International Order of Asia in the 1930s and 1950s PDF
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Author: Nicholas J. White
Publisher: Routledge
ISBN: 1317027191
Size: 16.99 MB
Format: PDF, Kindle
Category : History
Languages : en
Pages : 332
View: 7634

This book reconsiders the nature and formation of Asia's economic order during the 1930s and 1950s in light of the new historiographical developments in Britain and Japan. Recently several Japanese economic historians have offered a new perspective on Asian history, arguing that economic growth was fuelled by the phenomenon of intra-Asian trade which began to grow rapidly around the turn of the 19th-20th centuries. On the other side, British imperial historians, P.J. Cain and A.G. Hopkins, have presented their own interpretation of 'gentlemanly capitalism', in which they emphasize the leading role of the service sector rather than that of British industry in assessing the nature of the British presence overseas. In order to assess and test these new perspectives, this volume addresses three key issues. The first is to reconsider the metropolitan-peripheral relationship in Asia, focusing particularly on the role of the sterling area and its implications for Asian economic development. The second is to examine the formation of inter-regional trade relations within Asia in the 1930s and their revival and transformation in the 1950s. The final issue is the comparison of the international order of Asia of the 1930s with the 1950s, and the degree to which the Second World War represented a break-point in Asia's economic development. Dealing with issues of trade, economy, nationalism and imperialism, this book provides fresh insights into the development of Asia during the mid-twentieth century. Drawing on the latest scholarship it will prove invaluable to all who wish to better understand the position of countries such as Japan, China, India, Singapore, Malaysia and Korea within the wider international order.


Liberal Leviathan

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Author: G. John Ikenberry
Publisher: Princeton University Press
ISBN: 0691156174
Size: 43.69 MB
Format: PDF, ePub, Docs
Category : Political Science
Languages : en
Pages : 392
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In the second half of the twentieth century, the United States engaged in the most ambitious and far-reaching liberal order building the world had yet seen. This liberal international order has been one of the most successful in providing security and prosperity to more people, but in the last decade the American-led order has been troubled. Some argue that the Bush administration undermined it. Others argue that we are witnessing he end of the American era. In Liberal Leviathan G. John Ikenberry argues that the crisis that besets the American-led order is a crisis of authority. The forces that have triggered this crisis have resulted from the successful functioning and expansion of the postwar liberal order, not its breakdown.


Contesting Revisionism

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Author: Steve Chan
Publisher: Oxford University Press
ISBN: 0197580327
Size: 10.60 MB
Format: PDF, Mobi
Category : Political Science
Languages : en
Pages :
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How can we know a country, such as the United States or China, is revisionist, that is, whether it intends to upset the international order? What motivates states to act the way they do? Contesting Revisionism focuses on a particular kind of motivation inclining a state to challenge the existing norms, rules, and institutions of international order: revisionism. The authors offer a critique of the existing discourse on revisionism and investigate the origin and evolution of the foreign policy orientations of revisionist states in the past. Furthermore, they introduce an ensemble of indicators to discern and compare the extent of revisionist tendencies on the part of contemporary China and the United States. Questioning the facile assumption that past episodes will repeat in the future, they argue that "hard" revisionism relying on war and conquest is less viable and likely in today's world. Instead, "soft" revisionism seeking to promote institutional change is more relevant and likely. Focusing on contemporary Sino-American relations, they conclude that much of the current discourse based on power transition theory is problematic. A dominant power is not inevitably committed to the defense of international order, nor does a rising power always have a revisionist agenda to challenge this order. The transformation of international order does not necessarily require a power transition between China and the US., nor does a possible power transition necessarily augur war. After developing the concept of revisionism both theoretically and empirically, they conclude with a series of policy recommendations for enhancing international stability and diminishing tension in Sino-American relations.


The Political Economy Of Southeast Asia

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Author: Toby Carroll
Publisher: Palgrave Macmillan
ISBN: 9783030282547
Size: 14.66 MB
Format: PDF, ePub
Category : Political Science
Languages : en
Pages : 410
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"This is not only the best collection of essays on the political economy of Southeast Asia, but also, as a singular achievement of the “Murdoch School”, one of the rarest of books that demonstrates how knowledge production travels across generations, institutions and time periods, thereby continually enriching itself. No course on Southeast Asia can afford to miss it as its core text." (Professor Amitav Acharya, American University, USA) "This book – the fourth in a path-breaking series – demonstrates why a critical political economy approach is more crucial than ever for understanding Southeast Asia's transformation. Across a wide range of topics, the book explains how capitalist development and globalisation are reshaping the societies, economies and politics of a diverse group of countries, casting light on the deep sources of economic and social power in the region. This is a book that every student of Southeast Asia needs to read." (Professor Edward Aspinall, Australian National University, Australia) "This book does what a work on political economy should do: challenge existing paradigms in order to gain a deeper understanding of the processes of social transformation. This volume is distinctive in three ways. First, it eschews methodological nationalism and focuses on how the interaction of national, regional, and global forces are shaping and reshaping systems of governance, mass politics, economies, labor-capital relations, migration, and gender relations across the region. Second, it is a bold effort to show how the “Murdoch School,” which focuses on the dynamic synergy of internal class relations and global capitalism, provides a better explanatory framework for understanding social change in Southeast Asia than the rival “developmental state” and “historical institutionalist” approaches. Third, alongside established luminaries in the field, it showcases the younger generation of political economists doing pathbreaking work on different dimensions of the political economy of the region." (Walden Bello, State University of New York at Binghamton, USA, and Former Member of the Philippines’ House of Representatives) "This very timely fourth edition explores Southeast Asia’s political economy within the context of hyperglobalisation and China’s pronounced social-structural impacts on international politics, finance and economics over the past decade and a half. The volume successfully adopts a cross-cutting thematic approach, while also conveying the diversity and divergences among the Southeast Asian states and economies. This will be an important resource for scholars of International Relations and Comparative Politics, who need to take an interest in a dynamic and increasingly significant part of Asia." (Professor Evelyn Goh, Australian National University, Australia) “This ambitious collection takes a consistent theoretical approach and applies it to a thematic, comparative analysis across Southeast Asia. The yield is impressive: the social, political and economic forces constituting the current conjuncture are not simply invoked, they are thoroughly identified and explained. By posing the deceptively simple questions of what is happening and why, the authors demonstrate the reciprocal relation between theory-building and empirical inquiry, providing a model of engaged scholarship with global resonance. Bravo!" (Professor Tania Li, University of Toronto, Canada) "Counteracting the spaceless and flattened geography of much literature on uneven development, this book delivers a forensic examination of the unevenness of geographical development in Southeast Asia and the relations of force shaping capital, state, nature and civil society. This is the most compelling theoretical and empirical political economy book available on Southeast Asia." (Professor Adam David Morton, University of Sydney, Australia) "A vital book for all scholars, students and practitioners concerned with political economy and development, this volume combines cutting-edge theory with rich and wide-ranging empirical analysis. It is terrific to see the continued success of this book with this fully revised fourth edition." (Professor Nicola Philips, Kings College London, UK) "The Political Economy of Southeast Asia has become a leading reference for students of the region. With its breadth of geographic scope, timely themes, clarity of prose and rigour of analysis, Carroll, Hameiri and Jones have ensured that with this fourth edition the volume will continue its landmark status. The book, which brings together prominent experts in the field, will not only be of immense interest to scholars studying Southeast Asia, but also those seeking to understand the multifaceted nature of the political economy of uneven development in contemporary capitalism." (Professor Susanne Soederberg, Queen’s University, Canada) "The Asia Research Centre at Murdoch University has long produced leading analyses of the social, economic and political developments in Southeast Asia. This volume carries on that wonderful tradition. It brings together top-class scholars to challenge our assumptions about one of the most dynamic parts of the world. This collection is a crucial read for anyone interested in understanding trends in Southeast Asia’s development today and into the future." (Professor Richard Stubbs, McMaster University, Canada) "This fourth volume in a distinguished series provides a welcome and timely update of the Murdoch School’s distinctive approach to understanding the evolving political economy of Southeast Asia. Its theoretical depth and wide empirical scope will be of great value to scholars, students and practitioners seeking a systematic understanding of the political economy dynamics in the Asian region and, more broadly, of states and regions embedded in a complex, unstable global political economy." (Professor Andrew Walter, University of Melbourne) This all-new fourth edition of The Political Economy of Southeast Asia constitutes a state-of-the-art, comprehensive analysis of the political, economic, social and ecological development of one of the world’s most dynamic regions. With contributions from world-leading experts, the volume is unified by a single theoretical approach: the Murdoch School of political economy, which foregrounds struggles over power and resources and the evolving global context of hyperglobalisation. Themes considered include gender, populism, the transformation of the state, regional governance, aid and the environment. The volume will be of interest to scholars and students across multiple disciplines, including political economy, development studies, international relations and area studies. The findings of contributors will also be of value to civil society, policymakers and anyone interested in Southeast Asia and its development.


The Making Of Global International Relations

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Author: Amitav Acharya
Publisher: Cambridge University Press
ISBN: 1108570097
Size: 13.95 MB
Format: PDF, ePub, Docs
Category : Political Science
Languages : en
Pages :
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This book presents a challenge to the discipline of international relations (IR) to rethink itself, in the light of both its own modern origins, and the two centuries of world history that have shaped it. By tracking the development of thinking about IR, and the practice of world politics, this book shows how they relate to each other across five time periods from nineteenth-century colonialism, through two world wars, the Cold War and decolonization, to twenty-first-century globalization. It gives equal weight to both the neglected voices and histories of the Global South, and the traditionally dominant perspectives of the West, showing how they have moved from nearly complete separation to the beginnings of significant integration. The authors argue that IR needs to continue this globalizing movement if it is to cope with the rapidly emerging post-Western world order, with its more diffuse distribution of wealth, power and cultural authority.


Political Transformation Of Communist States

Political Transformation of Communist States PDF
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Author: Herbert J. Ellison
Publisher:
ISBN:
Size: 55.71 MB
Format: PDF, ePub, Docs
Category : China
Languages : en
Pages : 24
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Science And Technology In The Transformation Of The World

Science and Technology in the Transformation of the World PDF
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Author: Miroslav Pecujlic
Publisher:
ISBN:
Size: 20.41 MB
Format: PDF
Category : Civilization, Modern
Languages : en
Pages : 174
View: 1011



The Rise Of Asia And The Transformation Of The World System

The Rise of Asia and the Transformation of the World system PDF
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Author: Ganesh K. Trichur
Publisher: Routledge
ISBN:
Size: 55.61 MB
Format: PDF
Category : History
Languages : en
Pages : 163
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In this collaboratively authored book world-system scholars critically synthesize Asia's re-emerging centrality despite the myriad financial crises that have punctuated the end of the U.S.-dominated Cold War world order. From different vantage points the authors review the turbulent landscape of the region that points toward a new Asian world order as well as contradictory symptoms and signals. The text highlights the salience of Northeast Asia; the resurgence of Russia and Eurasianism; and the class, gender, and ecological implications of a conflict-ridden regional ascent for the future of the North-South divide and for the struggle between the spirit of Davos and the spirit of Porto Alegre.


China 2 0

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Author: Marina Yue Zhang
Publisher: John Wiley & Sons
ISBN: 0470824239
Size: 65.20 MB
Format: PDF, Docs
Category : Business & Economics
Languages : en
Pages : 256
View: 701

Marina Zhang addresses her topic with vigor and a touch of involved passion that is often missing from the clinical analyses that frequent the China business bookshelves. The impact of technology on china's development and the way it is so thoroughly informing China's economic and social transformation is a significant insight which Ms. Zhang's book explores in well-researched detail and through fresh eyes. China 2.0 is a cogent and worthwhile addition to any china businessman's or scholar's bookshelf. - Clinton Dines, Former CEO, BHP Billiton China There is no lack of opinions about china, and certainly there is much information. Those that succeed know how to find information that is factual, rich and that can serve as a guide. That is what china 2.0 does. It is a resourceful guide for anyone looking for success in china's booming economy. - Scott Kronick, President, Ogilvy Public Relations Worldwide, Beijing Want to reach China's one billion consumers? then China 2.0 will be your indispensible guide to understanding this transforming giant, from leveraging Internet and Web 2.0 channels to working with China's emerging private capital markets. Don't venture into china without it! - Charlene Li, Partner, Altimeter Group, and Co-author of Groundswell A key question in china's evolution towards a fully modern economy is whether it can develop efficient and possibly new types of firm and new social institutions. This will depend heavily on how information comes to be handled. this pioneering book compellingly explores this highly significant new questions. - Gordon Redding, Professor of Asian Business, INSEAD, and Author of The Future of Chinese Capitalism The unique and compelling viewpoint offered by Marina Zhang on the changes in china, and the impact that new and emerging technologies are having in this transformation, makes China 2.0 a positive exception to the question of whether or not the world really needs another China business book. - Michael Ricks, CEO, Investor Growth capital Asia Limited and Former CEO, Ericsson China This book opens the lid on the new era that has begun inside China as it is transformed by the power of new technologies, led by Web 2.0. With insights that only an insider can bring, it deftly highlights the opportunities and challenges for business people, policymakers, researchers and students alike. If reading this book doesn't open your eyes, cause you to abandon old prejudices and lead you to redefine your responses to one of the most far-reaching developments in the world today, then nothing will! - Peter J. Williamson, Professor of International Management, Judge business School, University of Cambridge, and Author of Dragons at Your Door