The Metaphysics Of Technology

The Metaphysics of Technology PDF
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Author: David Skrbina
Publisher: Routledge
ISBN: 1134757352
Size: 70.31 MB
Format: PDF, Kindle
Category : Social Science
Languages : en
Pages : 314
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What is technology? Why does it have such power in our lives? Why does it seemingly progress of its own accord, and without regard to social or environmental well-being? The quest for the essence of technology is an old one, with roots in the pre-Socratic philosophy of ancient Greece. It was then that certain thinkers first joined the ideas of technê and logos into a single worldview. The Greeks saw it as a kind of world-force, present in both the works of men and in nature itself. It was the very creative power of the cosmos. In the 20th century, German thinkers like Dessauer, Juenger, and Heidegger sought the metaphysical basis of technology, with varying success. French theologian Jacques Ellul argued persuasively that technology was an autonomous force of nature that determined all aspects of human existence, but he neglected the metaphysical underpinnings. Recent writers in the philosophy of technology have generally eschewed metaphysics altogether, preferring to concentrate on constructivist models or pragmatic analyses. In the present work, Skrbina returns to a classic metaphysical approach, seeking not so much an essence of technology but rather a deep and penetrating analysis of the entire technological phenomenon. Drawing on the Greeks, he argues for a teleological metaphysics in which increasing order in the universe is itself defined as a technological process. On this reading, all of reality constitutes a technical sphere, a "pantechnikon," of universal scope. This work — the first-ever book-length treatment of the topic — breaks new ground by providing an in-depth and critical study of the metaphysics of technology, as well as drawing out the practical consequences. Technology poses significant risks to humanity and the planet, risks that can be mitigated through a detailed philosophical analysis.


The Metaphysics Of Virtual Reality

The Metaphysics of Virtual Reality PDF
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Author: Michael Heim
Publisher: Oxford University Press
ISBN: 0198024320
Size: 66.49 MB
Format: PDF, ePub
Category : Computers
Languages : en
Pages : 208
View: 6721

Computers have dramatically altered life in the late twentieth century. Today we can draw on worldwide computer links, speeding up communications by radio, newspapers, and television. Ideas fly back and forth and circle the globe at the speed of electricity. And just around the corner lurks full-blown virtual reality, in which we will be able to immerse ourselves in a computer simulation not only of the actual physical world, but of any imagined world. As we begin to move in and out of a computer-generated world, Michael Heim asks, how will the way we perceive our world change? In The Metaphysics of Virtual Reality, Heim considers this and other philosophical issues of the Information Age. With an eye for the dark as well as the bright side of computer technology, he explores the logical and historical origins of our computer-generated world and speculates about the future direction of our computerized lives. He discusses such topics as the effect of word-processing on the English language (while word-processors have led to increased productivity, they have also led to physical hazards such as repetitive motion syndrome, which causes inflamed hand and arm tendons). Heim looks into the new kind of literacy promised by Hypertext (technology which allows the user to link audio and video elements, the disadvantages including disorientation and cognitive overload). And he also probes the notion of virtual reality, "cyberspace"--the computer-simulated environments that have captured the popular imagination and may ultimately change the way we define reality itself. Just as the definition of interface itself has evolved from the actual adapter plug used to connect electronic circuits into human entry into a self-contained cyberspace, so too will the notion of reality change with the current technological drive. Like the introduction of the automobile, the advent of virtual reality will change the whole context in which our knowledge and awareness of life are rooted. And along the way, Heim covers such intriguing topics as how computers have altered our thought habits, how we will be able to distinguish virtual from real reality, and the appearance of virtual reality in popular culture (as in Star Trek's holodeck, William Gibson's Neuromancer, and Stephen King's Lawnmower Man). Vividly and entertainingly written, The Metaphysics of Virtual Reality opens a window on a fascinating world that promises--or threatens--to become an integral part of everyday life in the 21st century. As Heim writes, not only do we face a breakthrough in the technology of computer interface, but we face the challenge of knowing ourselves and determining how the technology should develop and ultimately affect the society in which it grows.


The First Book Of The Metaphysics Of Aristotle

The First Book of the Metaphysics of Aristotle PDF
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Author: Aristotle
Publisher:
ISBN:
Size: 44.34 MB
Format: PDF, ePub
Category : Metaphysics
Languages : en
Pages : 66
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The Metaphysics Of Modernity

The Metaphysics of Modernity PDF
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Author: Ulrich Steinvorth
Publisher:
ISBN:
Size: 28.36 MB
Format: PDF, Mobi
Category : Philosophy
Languages : en
Pages : 308
View: 2586

Does the modern age have a specific attitude to the world, a way to make sense of the myriad stimuli that impinge on human organisms or, as I call it, a metaphysics? This book claims it has. It shows that what crucially changed Europe from the 16th century on was the spreading idea that things are best done for their own sake, for goals inherent in an activity, such as the goal of telling a good story or having a lively chat, inheres in the telling or chatting itself. The Renaissance took this idea from the ancients who also preferred intrinsic goals to extrinsic ones; but the moderns discovered that the pursuit of intrinsic goals follows an immanent rationality that sets perfection standards to the activity. Thus, they could and did perfect activities that in antiquity had remained on the level of dabbling leisure-time activities, and transformed them into professions that we know today as theology, science, political theory, the arts, sports, or journalism. The European bourgeoisie, though, performed the most revolutionary yet also suicidal change. They made traditional trade, the pursuit of the extrinsic goal of acquiring money, into an activity done for its own sake and enforced autonomy for its sphere, just as the religious had enforced autonomy for their religious activities already in the 11th century. They were so successful that they could take over the command of production in the industrial revolution and impose on all other spheres of society their goal of private profitability. This was the historical end of the metaphysics of modernity. But this book also argues that its principle, the preference of intrinsic to extrinsic goals, is still the best attitude to the world we can choose and that it is the best starting point for solving many problems of contemporary societies.


The Metaphysics Of Modern Existence

The Metaphysics of Modern Existence PDF
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Author: Vine Deloria
Publisher: Harper San Francisco
ISBN:
Size: 27.47 MB
Format: PDF, ePub, Mobi
Category : Civilization, Modern
Languages : en
Pages : 233
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Author: مارتن هايدغر
Publisher: Al Manhal
ISBN:
Size: 78.48 MB
Format: PDF, Mobi
Category : Philosophy
Languages : ar
Pages : 526
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يعد هذا الكتاب مدخلا إلى الميتافيزيقا عند هايدجر، ولعل السؤال الأساسي الذي لا مفر منه والمركزي في فلسفة هايدجر يمكن صياغته على النحو التالي: لماذا كان هنالك وجود الموجودات بدلا من العدم؟ بوضوح لا يساوره الشك، إن هذا السؤال، بالنسبة إلى هايدجر، ليس سؤالا عاديا، فهو السؤال الأول من حيث المكانة الفلسفية بين الأسئلة الأخرى، على الرغم من أن تلك الأولوية ينبغي أن لا تؤخذ بالمعنى الزماني، ويقع الكتاب في أربعة فصول: (السؤال الأساسي للميتافيزيقا، بحث في الجانب النحوي والإيتمولوجي، سؤال ماهية الوجود وجوهره، وتحديد الوجود وتقييده).


The Metaphysics Of The Spirit

The Metaphysics of the Spirit PDF
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Author: S. P. Dubey
Publisher: South Asia Books
ISBN:
Size: 13.73 MB
Format: PDF, ePub
Category : Philosophy
Languages : en
Pages : 349
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Contributed research papers presented at the annual sessions of the Indian philosophical Congress.


Against Nature

Against Nature PDF
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Author: David Kreps
Publisher:
ISBN: 9780815377757
Size: 62.16 MB
Format: PDF, ePub, Docs
Category : Computer science
Languages : en
Pages : 110
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This book questions the nature of the business and social information systems so ubiquitous in contemporary life. Linking positivism, individualism, and market-fundamentalist economics at the root of these systems, it critiques the philosophical ground of this triumvirate as fundamentally against nature. Connecting counter-philosophies of the subject as a natural part of existence, with more collectivist and ecological economics, it presents a historical critique of the development of the academic field of information systems and offers a complex view of the nature of Nature through which we might reshape our approach to technology and to our economies to overcome the existential threat of climate change. As such, it will appeal to philosophers, social theorists, and scholars of science and technology studies with interests in the environment and ecology, as well as those working in the field of information systems.


The Metaphysics Of Mind

The Metaphysics of Mind PDF
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Author: Anthony Kenny
Publisher: Oxford University Press, USA
ISBN:
Size: 65.79 MB
Format: PDF, Mobi
Category : Social Science
Languages : en
Pages : 165
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What is mind? This book attempts to give a philosophical answer to that question in language accessible to the layperson, but with a rigor acceptable to the specialist. Published on the centenary of the birth of Wittgenstein and the 40th anniversary of the publication of Gilbert Ryle's classic The Concept of Mind, this work testifies to the influence of those thinkers on Kenny's own work in the philosophy of mind, and assembles Kenny's ideas on philosophical psychology into a systematic whole.


The Metaphysics Of Science

The Metaphysics of Science PDF
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Author: Craig Dilworth
Publisher: Springer Science & Business Media
ISBN: 9401586217
Size: 14.55 MB
Format: PDF, Mobi
Category : Science
Languages : en
Pages : 246
View: 2914

The roots of this work lie in my earlier book, Scientific Progress, which first appeared in 1981. One of its topics, the distinction between scientific laws and theories, is there treated with reference to the same distinction as drawn by N. R. Campbell in his Physics: The Elements. Shortly after completing Scientific Progress, I read Rom Harre's The Principles of Scientific Thinking, in which the concept of theory is even more clearly delineated than in Campbell, being directly con nected to the notion of a model - as it was in my book. In subsequent considerations regarding science, Harre's work thus became my main source of inspiration with regard to theories, while Campbell's re mained my main source with respect to empiricallaws. Around the same time I also read William Whewell's Philosophy of the Inductive Sciences. In this work, Whewell depicts principles as playing a central role in the formation of science, and conceives of them in much the same way as Kant conceives of fundamental syn thetic a priori judgements. The idea that science should have principles as a basic element immediately made sense to me, and from that time I have thought of science in terms of laws, theories and principles.