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Category : France
Languages : en
This book examines how the fall of France in the Second World War has been recorded by historians and remembered within society. It argues that explanations of the fall have usually revolved around the four main themes of decadence, failure, constraint and contingency. It shows that the dominant explanation claimed for many years that the fall was the inevitable consequence of a society grown rotten in the inter-war period. This view has been largely replaced among academic historians by a consensus which distinguishes between the military defeat and the political demise of the Third Republic. It emphasizes the contingent factors that led to the military defeat. At the same time it seeks to understand the constraints within which France’s policy-makers were required to act and the reasons for their policy-making failures in economics, defence and diplomacy.
On 16 May 1940 an emergency meeting of the French High Command was called at the Quai d'Orsay in Paris. The German army had broken through the French lines on the River Meuse at Sedan and elsewhere, only five days after launching their attack. Churchill, who had been telephoned by Prime Minister Reynaud the previous evening to be told that the French were beaten, rushed to Paris to meet the French leaders. The mood in the meeting was one of panic and despair; there was talk ofevacuating Paris. Churchill asked Gamelin, the French Commander in Chief, 'Where is the strategic reserve?' 'There is none,' replied Gamelin.This exciting book by Julian Jackson, a leading historian of twentieth-century France, charts the breathtakingly rapid events that led to the defeat and surrender of one of the greatest bastions of the Western Allies, and thus to a dramatic new phase of the Second World War. The search for scapegoats for the most humiliating military disaster in French history began almost at once: were miscalculations by military leaders to blame, or was this an indictment of an entire nation?Using eyewitness accounts, memoirs, and diaries, Julian Jackson recreates, in gripping detail, the intense atmosphere and dramatic events of these six weeks in 1940, unravelling the historical evidence to produce a fresh answer to the perennial question of whether the fall of France was inevitable.
"First complete English-language account of the invasion of Napoleonic France in 1813?1814 -- Utilizes both public and private archival material from France, Germany, and Austria -- Will expand Gordon Craig?s noteworthy treatise on the problems of coalition warfare" -- publisher website (December 2007).
For sixty years the dramatic story of the Dunkirk evacuation and the defeat of France—the story of the German conquest of northwest Europe—has been the focus of historical study and dispute, yet myths and misconceptions about this extraordinary event persist. The ruthless efficiency of the German assault, the 'miracle' of Dunkirk, the feeble French defense—these still common assumptions are questioned in Geoffrey Stewart's highly readable and concise account of the campaign. The German victory was not inevitable
On 10 May 1940 the 'Phoney War' ended as the German Army's attack on France, Belgium and the Netherlands began. In less than 50 days all three nations were overwhelmed and the British Expeditionary Force driven from continental Europe.
Hitlers Blitzsieg über die Westmächte war nicht als "Blitzkrieg" geplant. Die deutsche Führung rechnete mit langjährigen Kämpfen wie im Ersten Weltkrieg und stellte ihre wirtschaftliche und militärische Planung darauf ein. Erst der überraschende Durchbruch des Panzerkorps Guderian bei Sedan verlieh dem deutschen Angriff ungeahnte Eigendynamik und führte zum "Sichelschnitt", dem schnellen Panzervorstoß zur Kanalküste, wo die Alliierten bei Dünkirchen eingekesselt wurden. Der Verfasser wendet sich gegen die gängige Theorie von Hitlers "Blitzkrieg-Strategie" und stellt dar, welches Erfolgsgeheimnis dem "Blitzkrieg" von 1940 tatsächlich zugrunde lag.
An engaging narrative of the small-unit actions near Sedan during the 1940 campaign for France. • Reconstructs the fighting in and around Sedan by German panzer forces under the famous Heinz Guderian and their French opponents • Examines both sides of the battle, from privates up to generals • Recommended reading by the U.S. Army and U.S. Marine Corps "Doughty's lively study should appeal to soldiers and civilians."—Journal of Military History