Reviving Ancient Chinese Mathematics

Reviving Ancient Chinese Mathematics PDF
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Author: Jiri Hudecek
Publisher: Routledge
ISBN: 1134468253
Size: 52.67 MB
Format: PDF, Mobi
Category : History
Languages : en
Pages : 210
View: 3056

Twentieth-century China has been caught between a desire to increase its wealth and power in line with other advanced nations, which, by implication, means copying their institutions, practices and values, whilst simultaneously seeking to preserve China’s independence and historically formed identity. Over time, Chinese philosophers, writers, artists and politicians have all sought to reconcile these goals and this book shows how this search for a Chinese way penetrated even the most central, least contested area of modernity: science. Reviving Ancient Chinese Mathematics is a study of the life of one of modern China’s most admired scientific figures, the mathematician Wu Wen-Tsun. Negotiating the conflict between progress and tradition, he found a path that not only ensured his political and personal survival, but which also brought him renown as a mathematician of international status who claimed that he stood outside the dominant western tradition of mathematics. Wu Wen-Tsun’s story highlights crucial developments and contradictions in twentieth -century China, the significance of which extends far beyond the field of mathematics. On one hand lies the appeal of radical scientific modernity, "mechanisation" in all its forms, and competitiveness within the international scientific community. On the other is an anxiety to preserve national traditions and make them part of the modernisation project. Moreover, Wu’s intellectual development also reflects the complex relationship between science and Maoist ideology, because his turn to history was powered by his internalisation of certain aspects of Maoist ideology, including its utilitarian philosophy of science. This book traces how Wu managed to combine political success and international scientific eminence, a story that has wider implications for a new century of increasing Chinese activity in the sciences. As such, it will be of great interest to students and scholars of Chinese history, the history of science and the history and philosophy of mathematics.


The Best Writing On Mathematics 2015

The Best Writing on Mathematics 2015 PDF
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Author: Mircea Pitici
Publisher: Princeton University Press
ISBN: 0691169659
Size: 79.22 MB
Format: PDF, Mobi
Category : Mathematics
Languages : en
Pages : 392
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This annual anthology brings together the year's finest mathematics writing from around the world. Featuring promising new voices alongside some of the foremost names in the field, The Best Writing on Mathematics 2015 makes available to a wide audience many articles not easily found anywhere else—and you don’t need to be a mathematician to enjoy them. These writings offer surprising insights into the nature, meaning, and practice of mathematics today. They delve into the history, philosophy, teaching, and everyday occurrences of math, and take readers behind the scenes of today’s hottest mathematical debates. Here David Hand explains why we should actually expect unlikely coincidences to happen; Arthur Benjamin and Ethan Brown unveil techniques for improvising custom-made magic number squares; Dana Mackenzie describes how mathematicians are making essential contributions to the development of synthetic biology; Steven Strogatz tells us why it’s worth writing about math for people who are alienated from it; Lisa Rougetet traces the earliest written descriptions of Nim, a popular game of mathematical strategy; Scott Aaronson looks at the unexpected implications of testing numbers for randomness; and much, much more. In addition to presenting the year’s most memorable writings on mathematics, this must-have anthology includes a bibliography of other notable writings and an introduction by the editor, Mircea Pitici. This book belongs on the shelf of anyone interested in where math has taken us—and where it is headed.


Empty And The Full The Li Ye And The Way Of Mathematics Geometrical Procedures By Section Of Areas

Empty And The Full  The  Li Ye And The Way Of Mathematics   Geometrical Procedures By Section Of Areas PDF
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Author: Pollet Charlotte-v
Publisher: World Scientific
ISBN: 9811209499
Size: 62.91 MB
Format: PDF
Category : Mathematics
Languages : en
Pages : 276
View: 5693

During Song (960 to 1279) and Yuan (1279 to 1368) dynasties, China experienced a peak in high-level algebraic investigation through the works of famous mathematicians such as Qin Jiushao, Zhu Shijie, Yang Hui and Li Ye. Among these is Li Ye's short treatise on a curious ancient geometrical procedure: The Development of Pieces of Areas According to the Collection Augmenting the Ancient Knowledge (Yigu yanduan). The aim of this monography is to contradict traditional scholarship which has long discredited the importance of Li Ye's treatise, considering it a mere popular handbook. The author aims to show that Li Ye's work actually epitomizes a completely new aspect of ancient Chinese mathematics: a crossroad between algebra, geometry, and combinatorics containing elements reminiscent of the Book of Changes (Yi Jing). As well as Li Ye used field measurement as pretext for investigations on quadratic equations and Changes, the present study uses Li Ye's small treatise as pretext for philosophical investigations on link between mathematics and their history. The real topic of the study is the exploration of another expression of proof and generality in Chinese mathematics. This book not only completes the edition of Li Ye's works and presents new features of Chinese mathematics, but also fills a gap in the translation of Chinese mathematics treatises.It is the first book entirely dedicated to the diagrammatic practice of algebra in the history of Chinese mathematics. This practice is more important than expected. While being a monograph, the book is short and detailed enough to be used by students in class. It can also be used as an entry door to the research field of history of Chinese mathematics.


Film And The Chinese Medical Humanities

Film and the Chinese Medical Humanities PDF
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Author: Vivienne Lo
Publisher: Routledge
ISBN: 0429017391
Size: 69.23 MB
Format: PDF, ePub, Docs
Category : Medical
Languages : en
Pages : 252
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Film and the Chinese Medical Humanities is the first book to reflect on the power of film in representing medical and health discourse in China in both the past and the present, as well as in shaping its future. Drawing on both feature and documentary films from mainland China, the chapters each engage with the field of medicine through the visual arts. They cover themes such as the history of doctors and their concepts of disease and therapies, understanding the patient experience of illness and death, and establishing empathy and compassion in medical practice, as well as the HIV/AIDs epidemic during the 1980s and 90s and changing attitudes towards disability. Inherently interdisciplinary in nature, the contributors therefore provide different perspectives from the fields of history, psychiatry, film studies, anthropology, linguistics, public health and occupational therapy, as they relate to China and people who identify as Chinese. Their combined approaches are united by a passion for improving the cross-cultural understanding of the body and ultimately healthcare itself. A key resource for educators in the Medical Humanities, this book will be useful to students and scholars of Chinese Studies and Film Studies as well as global health, medical anthropology and medical history.


The Mathematics Of Egypt Mesopotamia China India And Islam

The Mathematics of Egypt  Mesopotamia  China  India  and Islam PDF
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Author: Victor J. Katz
Publisher: Princeton University Press
ISBN: 9780691114859
Size: 39.55 MB
Format: PDF, ePub
Category : Mathematics
Languages : en
Pages : 685
View: 495

In recent decades it has become obvious that mathematics has always been a worldwide activity. But this is the first book to provide a substantial collection of English translations of key mathematical texts from the five most important ancient and medieval non-Western mathematical cultures, and to put them into full historical and mathematical context. The Mathematics of Egypt, Mesopotamia, China, India, and Islam gives English readers a firsthand understanding and appreciation of these cultures' important contributions to world mathematics. The five section authors--Annette Imhausen (Egypt), Eleanor Robson (Mesopotamia), Joseph Dauben (China), Kim Plofker (India), and J. Lennart Berggren (Islam)--are experts in their fields. Each author has selected key texts and in many cases provided new translations. The authors have also written substantial section introductions that give an overview of each mathematical culture and explanatory notes that put each selection into context. This authoritative commentary allows readers to understand the sometimes unfamiliar mathematics of these civilizations and the purpose and significance of each text. Addressing a critical gap in the mathematics literature in English, this book is an essential resource for anyone with at least an undergraduate degree in mathematics who wants to learn about non-Western mathematical developments and how they helped shape and enrich world mathematics. The book is also an indispensable guide for mathematics teachers who want to use non-Western mathematical ideas in the classroom.


Chinese Mathematics In The Thirteenth Century

Chinese Mathematics in the Thirteenth Century PDF
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Author: Ulrich Libbrecht
Publisher: Mit Press
ISBN:
Size: 59.13 MB
Format: PDF, Mobi
Category : Mathematics
Languages : en
Pages : 555
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The essence of the book is its insight into Chinese thought and life, as revealed by the general concepts that emerge and interrelate and by the practical mathematical problems posed by Ch'in that tie into the everyday realities of his time.


The Chinese Historical Review

The Chinese Historical Review PDF
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Author:
Publisher:
ISBN:
Size: 69.45 MB
Format: PDF, Docs
Category : China
Languages : en
Pages :
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Science And Civilisation In China Mathematics And The Sciences Of The Heavens And The Earth

Science and Civilisation in China  Mathematics and the sciences of the heavens and the earth PDF
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Author: Joseph Needham
Publisher:
ISBN:
Size: 38.63 MB
Format: PDF, Mobi
Category : China
Languages : en
Pages :
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On Their Own Terms

On Their Own Terms PDF
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Author: Benjamin A. ELMAN
Publisher: Harvard University Press
ISBN: 9780674016859
Size: 50.12 MB
Format: PDF, Mobi
Category : History
Languages : en
Pages : 567
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In this book, the author offers a much-needed synthesis of early Chinese science during the Jesuit period and the modern sciences as they evolved in China under Protestant influence.


Science In Ancient China

Science in Ancient China PDF
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Author: Nathan Sivin
Publisher: Variorum Publishing
ISBN:
Size: 37.35 MB
Format: PDF, ePub, Docs
Category : Science
Languages : en
Pages : 328
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A collection of essays which presents insights into the Chinese scientific tradition and its interaction with Western science. An introductory overview and biographical assessments of Shen Kua and Wang Hsi-shan are included in the discussion.