Regulating Tobacco Alcohol And Unhealthy Foods

Regulating Tobacco  Alcohol and Unhealthy Foods PDF
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Author: Tania Voon
Publisher: Routledge
ISBN: 1317910850
Size: 42.18 MB
Format: PDF, Docs
Category : Health & Fitness
Languages : en
Pages : 378
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The need to reduce disability and premature deaths from non-communicable diseases (NCDs) is increasingly engaging international organisations and national and sub-national governments. In this book, experts from a range of backgrounds provide insights into the legal implications of regulating tobacco, alcohol and unhealthy foods, all of which are risk factors for NCDs. As individual countries and the international community move to increase targeting of these risk factors, affected industries are turning to national and international law to challenge the resulting regulations. This book explores how the effective regulation of tobacco, alcohol and unhealthy foods can be achieved within the context of international health law, international trade and investment law, international human rights law, international intellectual property law, and domestic laws on constitutional and other matters. Its contributors consider the various tensions that arise in regulating NCD risk factors, as well as offering an original analysis of the relationship between evidence and health regulation. Covering a range of geographical areas, including the Americas, the European Union, Africa and Oceania, the book offers lessons for health and policy practitioners and scholars in navigating the complex legal fields in which the regulation of tobacco, alcohol and unhealthy foods takes place.


Regulating Tobacco

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Author: Robert L. Rabin
Publisher: Oxford University Press on Demand
ISBN: 9780195147568
Size: 12.83 MB
Format: PDF
Category : Law
Languages : un
Pages : 299
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The proliferation of lawsuits against the tobacco industry has had profound implications for American health policy, tort law, civil law, and welfare and social policy. Since the publication of Rabin and Sugarman's Smoking Policy, class action suits, FDA regulation, clean air legislation, health insurance reimbursement, and extensive advertising have brought tobacco to the forefront of national and public policy debates. This collection includes essays by eleven leading public health experts, economists, physicians, political scientists, and lawyers, whose activities encompass Congressional testimonies, Surgeon General's reports on youth smoking, and clinical trials for drugs for smoking cessation. They analyze specific strategies that have been used to influence tobacco use--including taxation, regulation of advertising and promotion, regulation of indoor smoking, control of youth access to cigarettes and other tobacco products, litigation, and subsidies of smoking cessation--and set them against the latest scientific findings about tobacco use and the changing cultural and political setting against which policy decisions are being made. In addition to Rabin and Sugarman, contributors include Frank Chaloupka, Peter Jacobson, Robert Kagan, Nancy Rigotti, John Slade, and Ken Warner.


Reducing Tobacco Related Cancer Incidence And Mortality

Reducing Tobacco Related Cancer Incidence and Mortality PDF
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Author: Institute of Medicine
Publisher: National Academies Press
ISBN: 0309264049
Size: 75.16 MB
Format: PDF, Docs
Category : Medical
Languages : en
Pages : 130
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Tobacco use is the leading cause of preventable death in United States, causing more than 440,000 deaths annually and resulting in $193 billion in health-related economic losses each year--$96 billion in direct medical costs and $97 billion in lost productivity. Since the first U.S. Surgeon General's report on smoking in 1964, more than 29 Surgeon General's reports, drawing on data from thousands of studies, have documented the overwhelming and conclusive biologic, epidemiologic, behavioral, and pharmacologic evidence that tobacco use is deadly. This evidence base links tobacco use to the development of multiple types of cancer and other life-threatening conditions, including cardiovascular and respiratory diseases. Smoking accounts for at least 30 percent of all cancer deaths, and 80 percent of lung cancer deaths. Despite the widespread agreement on the dangers of tobacco use and considerable success in reducing tobacco use prevalence from over 40 percent at the time of the 1964 Surgeon General's report to less than 20 percent today, recent progress in reducing tobacco use has slowed. An estimated 18.9 percent of U.S. adults smoke cigarettes, nearly one in four high school seniors smoke, and 13 percent of high school males use smokeless tobacco products. In recognition that progress in combating cancer will not be fully achieved without addressing the tobacco problem, the National Cancer Policy Forum of the Institute of Medicine (IOM) convened a public workshop, Reducing Tobacco-Related Cancer Incidence and Mortality, June 11-12, 2012 in Washington, DC. In opening remarks to the workshop participants, planning committee chair Roy Herbst, professor of medicine and of pharmacology and chief of medical oncology at Yale Cancer Center and Smilow Cancer Hospital, described the goals of the workshop, which were to examine the current obstacles to tobacco control and to discuss potential policy, outreach, and treatment strategies that could overcome these obstacles and reduce tobacco-related cancer incidence and mortality. Experts explored a number of topics, including: the changing demographics of tobacco users and the changing patterns of tobacco product use; the influence of tobacco use on cancer incidence and cancer treatment outcomes; tobacco dependence and cessation programs; federal and state level laws and regulations to curtail tobacco use; tobacco control education, messaging, and advocacy; financial and legal challenges to tobacco control efforts; and research and infrastructure needs to support tobacco control strategies, reduce tobacco related cancer incidence, and improve cancer patient outcomes. Reducing Tobacco-Related Cancer Incidence and Mortality summarizes the workshop.


The Regulation Of E Cigarettes

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Author: Lukasz Gruszczynski
Publisher: Edward Elgar Publishing
ISBN: 1788970462
Size: 50.33 MB
Format: PDF, Docs
Category : Law
Languages : en
Pages : 320
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Combining the insights of leading legal scholars and public health experts, this unique book analyses the various legal problems that are emerging at different levels of governance (international, European and national) in the context of the regulation of e-cigarettes. The expert authors assess in depth the possible application of the precautionary and harm reduction principles in this area, examine the legal constraints imposed on states by international and European rules, as well as the regulatory approaches currently in place in selected national jurisdictions.


Preventing Tobacco Use Among Youth And Young Adults

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Author: United States. Public Health Service. Office of the Surgeon General
Publisher:
ISBN:
Size: 76.93 MB
Format: PDF
Category : Smoking
Languages : en
Pages : 899
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This Surgeon General's report details the causes and the consequences of tobacco use among youth and young adults by focusing on the social, environmental, advertising, and marketing influences that encourage youth and young adults to initiate and sustain tobacco use. This is the first time tobacco data on young adults as a discrete population have been explored in detail. The report also highlights successful strategies to prevent young people from using tobacco.


Clearing The Air

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Author: Kristie Zamrazil
Publisher:
ISBN:
Size: 30.99 MB
Format: PDF, ePub, Mobi
Category : Passive smoking
Languages : un
Pages : 55
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Regulating Lifestyle Risks

Regulating Lifestyle Risks PDF
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Author: Alberto Alemanno
Publisher: Cambridge University Press
ISBN: 1107063426
Size: 16.44 MB
Format: PDF, Kindle
Category : Law
Languages : en
Pages : 376
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How the European Union could and should regulate lifestyle risks of non-communicable diseases through regulation of individual choices.


Ending The Tobacco Problem

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Author: Institute of Medicine
Publisher: National Academies Press
ISBN: 0309103827
Size: 59.31 MB
Format: PDF, Mobi
Category : Medical
Languages : en
Pages : 732
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The nation has made tremendous progress in reducing tobacco use during the past 40 years. Despite extensive knowledge about successful interventions, however, approximately one-quarter of American adults still smoke. Tobacco-related illnesses and death place a huge burden on our society. Ending the Tobacco Problem generates a blueprint for the nation in the struggle to reduce tobacco use. The report reviews effective prevention and treatment interventions and considers a set of new tobacco control policies for adoption by federal and state governments. Carefully constructed with two distinct parts, the book first provides background information on the history and nature of tobacco use, developing the context for the policy blueprint proposed in the second half of the report. The report documents the extraordinary growth of tobacco use during the first half of the 20th century as well as its subsequent reversal in the mid-1960s (in the wake of findings from the Surgeon General). It also reviews the addictive properties of nicotine, delving into the factors that make it so difficult for people to quit and examines recent trends in tobacco use. In addition, an overview of the development of governmental and nongovernmental tobacco control efforts is provided. After reviewing the ethical grounding of tobacco control, the second half of the book sets forth to present a blueprint for ending the tobacco problem. The book offers broad-reaching recommendations targeting federal, state, local, nonprofit and for-profit entities. This book also identifies the benefits to society when fully implementing effective tobacco control interventions and policies.


Tobacco Control Legislation

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Author: D. Douglas Blanke
Publisher: World Health Organization
ISBN: 9789241562683
Size: 46.65 MB
Format: PDF, ePub, Docs
Category : Medical policy
Languages : en
Pages : 293
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The recent conclusion of the negotiations of the World Health Organization Framework Convention on Tobacco Control (WHO FCTC) presents a strong global complement to national and local legislative action for tobacco control. Many developed and developing countries have also continually called for WHO to produce tools for the development of legislation in Member States. This guide aims to meet such an important requirement. Beginning with an explanation of the legal terms and concepts, this handbook guides the reader through each stage of the legislative process, from the first steps of building a foundation of political support, to the enforcement and evaluation of legislation after it comes into force. It describes the strategic choices each country must make in approaching legislation, and offers practical suggestions for developing legislative text, working with lawmakers to win the proposa̕ls adoption, and overcoming objections and obstacles. It also provides selected case studies of various national laws as well as an introductory discussion of international legal instruments pertaining to tobacco control.


Regulating Tobacco

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Author: Robert L. Rabin
Publisher:
ISBN: 9780756795887
Size: 59.69 MB
Format: PDF
Category :
Languages : un
Pages : 299
View: 626

A useful & stimulating collection of state-of-the-art essays by scholars in the field covering every area of tobacco reg'n. Sets forth a combination of policy prescriptions that could spare millions of lives worldwide. For public health officials & legislators, these papers provide a blueprint for cost-free life-saving; for public health advocates, the arguments are unimpeachable. This book will be extremely useful to gov'ts. & tobacco control advocates globally -- the product, health & econ. effects, the tobacco ind., & actions required to combat the epidemic are virtually identical throughout the world. This book will do much to combat the tobacco industry's relentless efforts to place tobacco between as many lips as possible.