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Why do the poor borrow to save? Why do they miss out on free life-saving immunizations, but pay for unnecessary drugs? In Poor Economics, Abhijit V. Banerjee and Esther Duflo, two practical visionaries working toward ending world poverty, answer these questions from the ground. In a book the Wall Street Journal called “marvelous, rewarding,” the authors tell how the stress of living on less than 99 cents per day encourages the poor to make questionable decisions that feed—not fight—poverty. The result is a radical rethinking of the economics of poverty that offers a ringside view of the lives of the world's poorest, and shows that creating a world without poverty begins with understanding the daily decisions facing the poor.
Das bahnbrechende Buch der Wirtschaftsnobelpreisträger 2019 Ein unterernährter Mann in Marokko kauft lieber einen Fernseher als Essen. Absurd? Nein. Die Ökonomen Esther Duflo und Abhijit V. Banerjee erregen weltweit Aufsehen, weil sie zeigen: Unser Bild von den Armen ist ein Klischee. Und wir müssen radikal umdenken, wenn wir die Probleme der Ungleichheit lösen wollen. Für ihre Forschung zur Bekämpfung der globalen Armut wurden Esther Duflo und Abhijit V. Banerjee 2019 mit dem Wirtschaftsnobelpreis ausgezeichnet.
The winners of the Nobel Prize in Economics upend the most common assumptions about how economics works in this gripping and disruptive portrait of how poor people actually live. Why do the poor borrow to save? Why do they miss out on free life-saving immunizations, but pay for unnecessary drugs? In Poor Economics, Abhijit V. Banerjee and Esther Duflo, two award-winning MIT professors, answer these questions based on years of field research from around the world. Called "marvelous, rewarding" by the Wall Street Journal, the book offers a radical rethinking of the economics of poverty and an intimate view of life on 99 cents a day. Poor Economics shows that creating a world without poverty begins with understanding the daily decisions facing the poor.
From the award-winning founders of the Abdul Latif Jameel Poverty Action Lab at MIT, a transformative reappraisal of the world of the extreme poor, their lives, desires, and frustrations.
Wirtschaftsnobelpreis 2019 für Esther Duflo Esther Duflo gehört zu den Shooting Stars der internationalen Wissenschaft. Ihr Forschungsgebiet ist die Entwicklungsökonomie, also die Frage, wie Armut überwunden und wirtschaftliche Entwicklung angestoßen werden kann. Der »Economist« zählte sie 2008 zu den acht wichtigsten jungen Ökonomen und das »Time Magazine« 2011 zu den 100 einflussreichsten Menschen der Erde. In »Kampf gegen die Armut« stellt Duflo ihren innovativen entwicklungsökonomischen Ansatz anhand von vier zentralen Problembereichen vor: Bildung, Gesundheit, Mikrokredite und Institutionen/Korruption. Über randomisierte Tests, die von der Praxis klinischer Studien in der Medizin inspiriert sind, werden konkrete entwicklungspolitische Maßnahmen auf ihre Wirksamkeit überprüft, mit nicht selten überraschenden Ergebnissen. Ein Buch, das die Entwicklungsökonomie auf eine neue Grundlage stellt.
Wirtschaftsnobelpreis 2019 und Deutscher Wirtschaftsbuchpreis 2020! Zwei preisgekrönte Ökonomen über Versagen und Verantwortung der Wirtschaftswissenschaftler Ungleichheit, Armut, Migration, freier Handel, Wirtschaftswachstum und Umweltfragen sind die Probleme, die weltweit täglich die Schlagzeilen beherrschen. Hierzu wären Wissen und Rat von Wirtschaftswissenschaftlern dringend gefragt. Die für ihre bahnbrechenden Arbeiten zur Armutsforschung bekannten Ökonomen Esther Duflo und Abhijit Banerjee halten in diesem Buch ihren Kollegen provokant den Spiegel vor: Katastrophale Krisen wie die Lehman-Pleite haben sie verschlafen, oft verstellen ideologische Vorbehalte den Blick, und bei Streitthemen wie dem Euro haben sie sich gescheut, unbequeme Wahrheiten auszusprechen. Duflo und Banerjee zeigen anschaulich, was gute Ökonomie stattdessen zur Lösung der dringenden Weltprobleme beitragen kann.
WINNERS OF THE 2019 NOBEL PRIZE IN ECONOMICS Imagine you have a few million dollars. You want to spend it on the poor. How do you go about it? Billions of government dollars, and thousands of charitable organizations and NGOs, are dedicated to helping the world’s poor. But much of their work is based on assumptions about the poor and the world that are untested generalizations at best, harmful misperceptions at worst. Abhijit V. Banerjee and Esther Duflo have pioneered the use of randomized control trials in development economics through their award-winning Poverty Action Lab. They argue that by using randomized control trials, and more generally, by paying careful attention to the evidence, it is possible to make accurate—and often startling assessments—on what really impacts the poor and what doesn’t. Why would a man in Morocco who doesn’t have enough to eat buy a television? Why is it so hard for children in poor areas to learn even when they attend school? Why do the poorest people in Maharashtra spend 5 percent of their total budget on sugar? Does having lots of children actually make you poorer? Drawing on their research at the Poverty Action Lab and their fifteen years of fieldwork in India and across the world, the two economists ask many such questions and show why the poor, despite having the same desires and abilities as anyone else, end up with entirely different lives. Revelatory and impassioned, Poor Economics is a pathbreaking book that will help you to understand the real causes of poverty and how to end it.
* Our summary is short, simple and pragmatic. It allows you to have the essential ideas of a big book in less than 30 minutes. As you read this summary, you will discover that beyond the traditional anti-poverty policies that have emerged over the past decades, there is another way of looking at situations. You will also discover that : the poor have little access to information; the poor take responsibility for too many aspects of their lives; they have no access to certain markets, such as credit, or at exorbitant prices; poor countries are not doomed to failure because they are poor; when a situation begins to improve, beliefs and certainties change. Abhijit Banerjee and Esther Duflo rely on field studies with NGOs, government officials, health workers, etc., to support their work. They propose a new vision of poverty and, above all, ways of fighting it, through limited experiments and ingenious solutions proven in the field. They present not one, but models, based on the idea that it is by understanding the livelihoods of the poorest that solutions can be found to help them out of poverty. *Buy now the summary of this book for the modest price of a cup of coffee!
Literature Review from the year 2013 in the subject Politics - International Politics - Topic: Development Politics, grade: 1,0, Indiana University (Department of Political Science), course: Politics of International Development, language: English, abstract: “After all, we have spent billions of dollars on aid. [...] Has it done any good? And sadly, we don’t know. And worst of all, we will never know.” (Duflo 2010, 01:37) Poverty alleviation is a huge humanitarian challenge and also the supreme discipline of some economists. The effort to fight poverty had a mixed success so far and scholars claim different reasons for that outcome (cf. Besley 2012). In “Poor Economics”, Abhijit Banerjee and Esther Duflo avoid the often polemic ‘Sachs vs. Easterly’ aid debate and promise a “radical rethinking of the way to fight global poverty”: They make a convincing case about learning on the lives of the poor and the unique choices they have to face in their lives. Banerjee/Duflo understand how the poor perceive their conditions and come to the decision they make and are therefore able to craft better strategies and interventions that actually help the poor and do not produce unintended consequences. By doing that, they deliberately target the micro-level and leave out the level of politics or institutions, which is somewhat problematic, to search effective approaches in answers of the smaller questions. This essay is structured in the following way: After an introduction to the analysis (2.) and an overview of Randomized Controlled Trials (RCTs), the main method of Banerjee/Duflo (2.1), the analysis will provide an assessment of key examples of the two scholars’ research (2.2). Subsequently, an evaluation of limitations (2.3) and shortcomings (2.4) of the book will be conducted. By evaluating the approach and findings of “Poor Economics”, the essay will be able to compare it with other scholarly works (3.). A conclusion (4.) will summarize the review and end with a personal take on what has been learned through studying the book.