Normal Accidents

Normal Accidents PDF
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Author: Charles Perrow
Publisher: Princeton University Press
ISBN: 9781400828494
Size: 26.13 MB
Format: PDF, ePub, Docs
Category : Technology & Engineering
Languages : en
Pages : 464
View: 1899

Normal Accidents analyzes the social side of technological risk. Charles Perrow argues that the conventional engineering approach to ensuring safety--building in more warnings and safeguards--fails because systems complexity makes failures inevitable. He asserts that typical precautions, by adding to complexity, may help create new categories of accidents. (At Chernobyl, tests of a new safety system helped produce the meltdown and subsequent fire.) By recognizing two dimensions of risk--complex versus linear interactions, and tight versus loose coupling--this book provides a powerful framework for analyzing risks and the organizations that insist we run them. The first edition fulfilled one reviewer's prediction that it "may mark the beginning of accident research." In the new afterword to this edition Perrow reviews the extensive work on the major accidents of the last fifteen years, including Bhopal, Chernobyl, and the Challenger disaster. The new postscript probes what the author considers to be the "quintessential 'Normal Accident'" of our time: the Y2K computer problem.


Letters Power Lines And Other Dangerous Things

Letters  Power Lines  and Other Dangerous Things PDF
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Author: Ryan Ellis
Publisher: MIT Press
ISBN: 0262538547
Size: 38.42 MB
Format: PDF, ePub, Mobi
Category : Social Science
Languages : en
Pages : 384
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An examination of how post-9/11 security concerns have transformed the public view and governance of infrastructure. After September 11, 2001, infrastructures—the mundane systems that undergird much of modern life—were suddenly considered “soft targets” that required immediate security enhancements. Infrastructure protection quickly became the multibillion dollar core of a new and expansive homeland security mission. In this book, Ryan Ellis examines how the long shadow of post-9/11 security concerns have remade and reordered infrastructure, arguing that it has been a stunning transformation. Ellis describes the way workers, civic groups, city councils, bureaucrats, and others used the threat of terrorism as a political resource, taking the opportunity not only to address security vulnerabilities but also to reassert a degree of public control over infrastructure. Nearly two decades after September 11, the threat of terrorism remains etched into the inner workings of infrastructures through new laws, regulations, technologies, and practices. Ellis maps these changes through an examination of three U.S. infrastructures: the postal system, the freight rail network, and the electric power grid. He describes, for example, how debates about protecting the mail from anthrax and other biological hazards spiraled into larger arguments over worker rights, the power of large-volume mailers, and the fortunes of old media in a new media world; how environmental activists leveraged post-9/11 security fears over shipments of hazardous materials to take on the rail industry and the chemical lobby; and how otherwise marginal federal regulators parlayed new mandatory cybersecurity standards for the electric power industry into a robust system of accountability.


Bulletin

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Author:
Publisher:
ISBN:
Size: 79.70 MB
Format: PDF, ePub, Mobi
Category : Mines and mineral resources
Languages : en
Pages :
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Organisations Hauts Risques Et Normal Accidents

Organisations    Hauts risques Et Normal Accidents PDF
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Author: Charles Perrow
Publisher:
ISBN:
Size: 37.43 MB
Format: PDF, ePub, Mobi
Category :
Languages : en
Pages : 81
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The Normal Accident Theory Of Education

The Normal Accident Theory of Education PDF
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Author: Andrew K. Milton
Publisher: Rowman & Littlefield
ISBN: 1475806590
Size: 36.89 MB
Format: PDF, ePub, Docs
Category : Education
Languages : en
Pages : 150
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Analyses of education are too often developed for public consumption in a fast-moving political world. This book examines some of the deeper organizational reasons why things don’t work so well in school, as well as a look at some of things that do work. Most importantly, the book will explain how the social and cultural expectations of what schools can do may create unrealistic hopes. We, as a society, and schools, as institutions, embrace these unreasonably high hopes at our collective peril.


Statistical Methods And Safety Data Analysis And Evaluation

Statistical Methods and Safety Data Analysis and Evaluation PDF
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Author: National Research Council (U.S.). Transportation Research Board
Publisher: Transportation Research Board
ISBN:
Size: 22.57 MB
Format: PDF, Kindle
Category : Technology & Engineering
Languages : en
Pages : 210
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Environmental Problems And Human Behavior

Environmental Problems and Human Behavior PDF
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Author: Gerald T. Gardner
Publisher: Allyn & Bacon
ISBN:
Size: 21.85 MB
Format: PDF, Kindle
Category : Psychology
Languages : en
Pages : 369
View: 4504

This book examines the behavioural dimensions of global and regional environmental problems such as the greenhouse effect, ozone depletion, deforestation, air pollution, and water pollution. The book asks: What does our knowledge of human behaviour tell us about the root causes of environmental problems and about strategies for solving them? Gardner and Stern seek to answer these questions by presenting a new synthesis of relevant research findings and theories from psychology, the other behavioural and social sciences, and other disciplines.


International Ciip Handbook

International CIIP Handbook PDF
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ISBN:
Size: 29.70 MB
Format: PDF
Category : Computer networks
Languages : en
Pages :
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An inventory of protection policies in eight countries.


Why Law Enforcement Organizations Fail

Why Law Enforcement Organizations Fail PDF
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Author: Patrick O'Hara
Publisher:
ISBN:
Size: 45.58 MB
Format: PDF, Kindle
Category : Business & Economics
Languages : en
Pages : 228
View: 2374

Why Law Enforcement Organizations Fail looks carefully at just that issue. Constant negative headlines call into question the ability of U.S. law enforcement to manage itself effectively in a democratic, diverse society. By analyzing a variety of cases, the author shows how crises occur regularly along common structural and cultural fault lines in police agencies at every level of government.The exploration of what handicaps the law enforcement agency goes far beyond “bureaucratic bungling” to examine deep-seated structural and cultural elements of organization. Symptoms such as institutional racism, sexual harassment, and racial profiling are seen as outgrowths of structural-cultural characteristics in law enforcement organizations whose power is often independent of larger social forces. Why Law Enforcement Organizations Fail provides tools for spotting malignant individuals, highlighting perverse incentives, isolating and neutralizing deviant cultures, recognizing policy inertia, and confronting bankrupt philosophies.By helping current and future law enforcement personnel better understand the “lay of the land,” this book provides a pragmatic guide for dealing with crises, preventing their recurrence, and restoring the legitimacy of the police in the communities they serve. This book is an excellent addition to any class on police organization and management, criminal justice policy, or police-community relations.


Country Life

Country Life PDF
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Author:
Publisher:
ISBN:
Size: 49.50 MB
Format: PDF, ePub, Mobi
Category : Country life
Languages : en
Pages :
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