Size: 26.33 MB
Format: PDF, Kindle
Languages : un
Pages : 198
A step-by-step guide to the use of epidemiology as a tool for improving the management of health services. Addressed to general health workers, the book uses clear definitions, analogies, examples, checklists, sample forms and calculations, and abundant illustrations to demystify the methods of epidemiology and show how they can work in concrete situations. Particular emphasis is placed on the simple knowledge and skills needed to collect and then use epidemiological data to monitor health problems commonly found in developing countries. The book shows how a four-phase epidemiological approach, involving descriptive, analytical, intervention, and evaluation epidemiology, can supply virtually all the information needed to pinpoint health problems, design targeted interventions, and define reliable indicators for monitoring progress. Other chapters offer guidance in the collection of demographic data, the conduct of routine health surveillance, the use of epidemiology to control an epidemic, and the design of special surveys to collect additional information. The second half of the book concentrates on the analysis, presentation, and use of results. Topics covered include the use of record forms and coding, methods of data processing and analysis, and the presentation of health information in tables, figures, graphs, diagrams, charts, and maps. The final chapter, which constitutes the core of the manual, shows how the knowledge and skills previously described can be used to formulate plans for the management and monitoring of district health services. "... admirable ... basic epidemiological techniques are precisely described ... deserves to be a standard text in the district..." - The Lancet
Medical and Health Sciences is a component of Encyclopedia of Biological, Physiological and Health Sciences in the global Encyclopedia of Life Support Systems (EOLSS), which is an integrated compendium of twenty one Encyclopedias. These volume set contains several chapters, each of size 5000-30000 words, with perspectives, applications and extensive illustrations. It carries state-of-the-art knowledge in the fields of Medical and Health Sciences and is aimed, by virtue of the several applications, at the following five major target audiences: University and College Students, Educators, Professional Practitioners, Research Personnel and Policy Analysts, Managers, and Decision Makers and NGOs.
Communicable diseases are major global health concerns that can devastate whole populations. This revised and updated textbook examines communicable diseases at the community level from an epidemiological perspective, covering both theory and practice in a systematic and globally comprehensive overview of communicable diseases and their control. It includes expanded coverage of epidemiology and clinical aspects, many summary tables and coverage of both developed and developing countries from tuberculosis and malaria to bioterrorism and hospital infections, drawing on the author's personal experience of working in many global locations.
Social and Economic Development is a component of Encyclopedia of Development and Economic Sciences in the global Encyclopedia of Life Support Systems (EOLSS), which is an integrated compendium of twenty one Encyclopedias. The Theme on Social and Economic Development provides the essential aspects and a myriad of issues of great relevance to our world such as: Socioeconomic Developmental Social Work; Perspectives on Contemporary Socioeconomic Development; Sustainable Development of Natural Resource Capital; Sustainable Development Of Human Resource Capital; Intellectual And Knowledge Capital For Sustainable Development At Local, National, Regional, And Global Levels; Economic And Financial System Development Information And Knowledge; Institutional And Infrastructure System Development Information And Knowledge; Basic Principles Of Sustainable Development; Environmental Economics And Sustainable Development; Implementing Sustainable Development In A Changing World; Economic Sociology: Its History And Development; The Socioeconomics Of Agriculture; Agricultural And Rural Geography; Impact Of Global Change On Agriculture; Human Nutrition: An Overview; The Role Of Inter- And Nongovernmental Organizations; Nongovernmental Organizations; Social And Cultural Development Of Human Resources. This 8-volume set contains several chapters, each of size 5000-30000 words, with perspectives, issues on social and Economic Development. These volumes are aimed at the following five major target audiences: University and College students Educators, Professional practitioners, Research personnel and Policy analysts, managers, and decision makers and NGOs.
Andrew Green explains the importance of health planning in both developing regions such as Africa, and those in transition, such as Central and Eastern Europe. This book stresses the importance of understanding the national and international context in which planning occurs and analyses the major policy issues.
The third edition aims to fulfil the long-standing need of the medical students for a concise textbook of community medicine, which makes it an easy and interesting reading, in lucid and simple English. Contributed by 14 eminent teachers, It comprehensively covers all the required topics, explaining the concepts at length and stimulates analytical thinking. The book seeks to encourage students to approach the subject with scientific logic and apply the learned concepts appropriately in the future during his/her professional career.
Considers the new information needs created by the growing trend to decentralize health care and give greater responsibility to health districts serving local populations. Noting that district health staff and management teams often lack essential demographic and epidemiological data, the report aims to identify the types of information that would provide the greatest support to the processes of planning, priority setting, resource allocation, and evaluation. An effort is also made to determine how this information can be gathered, processed, analysed, and put to good use, particularly in situations where public expectations for health care are rising as resources diminish. Throughout the report, emphasis is placed on new public health priorities that call for improved monitoring of equity in health status, quality of health care, and coverage and efficiency of district health services. Main sections in the report describe weaknesses in currently available information, explain why locally-relevant data are so scarce, and outline general categories of information needed at district level. Other sections describe the range of methods that can be used to collect and process information, and offer advice on the analysis, presentation and reporting of health information.