From Blood Diamonds To The Kimberley Process

From Blood Diamonds to the Kimberley Process PDF
Get This Book
Author: Franziska Bieri
Publisher: Routledge
ISBN: 1317132491
Size: 38.78 MB
Format: PDF, Mobi
Category : Political Science
Languages : un
Pages : 226
View: 951

In the late 1990s, several non-governmental organizations (NGOs) focused world attention on the issue of conflict diamonds which funded wars, massive death, and refugee crises across Central and West Africa. Several governments, NGOs, and key industry players engaged in negotiations under the so-called Kimberley Process (KP). A voluntary global agreement came into effect leading to a substantial decline in illicit diamond trade. Despite its importance in international affairs, the KP remains understudied in academia. Franziska Bieri's book provides the first comprehensive account of the KP and is the first to reveal how NGOs have become critical actors in their own right, possessing the ability to directly influence policies and to participate in the decision making and the implementation of global agreements. In developing this argument, Bieri explains: why the NGO campaign to raise awareness was successful; why a rapid and comprehensive resolution on such a complex global problem was possible; how the tripartite negotiations between states, NGOs, and industry developed during the implementation of the agreement, which is an on-going process. Based on extensive personal interviews with prominent campaigners, leading bureaucrats, and industry officials, hundreds of KP publications, official UN documents, industry news, and NGO reports, this timely book allows for a much needed engagement in contemporary debates about the campaign against conflict diamonds, the Kimberley Process, and the themes defining today's global governance arena.


Blood Diamonds

Blood Diamonds PDF
Get This Book
Author: Greg Campbell
Publisher: Hachette UK
ISBN: 0465029922
Size: 80.93 MB
Format: PDF, ePub
Category : History
Languages : un
Pages : 336
View: 3393

First discovered in 1930, the diamonds of Sierra Leone have funded one of the most savage rebel campaigns in modern history. These "blood diamonds" are smuggled out of West Africa and sold to legitimate diamond merchants in London, Antwerp, and New York, often with the complicity of the international diamond industry. Eventually, these very diamonds find their way into the rings and necklaces of brides and spouses the world over. Blood Diamonds is the gripping tale of how the diamond smuggling works, how the rebel war has effectively destroyed Sierra Leone and its people, and how the policies of the diamond industry - institutionalized in the 1880s by the De Beers cartel - have allowed it to happen. Award-winning journalist Greg Campbell traces the deadly trail of these diamonds, many of which are brought to the world market by fanatical enemies. These repercussions of diamond smuggling are felt far beyond the borders of the poor and war-ridden country of Sierra Leone, and the consequences of overlooking this African tragedy are both shockingly deadly and unquestionably global. Updated with a new epilogue.


The Lion That Didn T Roar

The Lion that Didn t Roar PDF
Get This Book
Author: Nigel Davidson
Publisher: ANU Press
ISBN: 1760460265
Size: 32.98 MB
Format: PDF, Docs
Category : Social Science
Languages : un
Pages : 311
View: 4578

In 2017 it will be Australia’s turn to chair the Kimberley Process Certification Scheme (KP), an international organisation set up to regulate the trade in diamonds. Diamonds are a symbol of love, purchased to celebrate marriage, and it is therefore deeply ironic that the diamond trade has become linked with warfare and human rights violations committed in African producer countries such as Sierra Leone, the Democratic Republic of Congo and, more recently, Zimbabwe and Angola. In their quest for diamonds, or by using diamonds to purchase weapons, armed groups in these countries have engaged in recruiting child soldiers, amputating limbs, and committing rape and murder. In response to the problem, the international community, non-governmental organisations and key industry players such as De Beers combined forces to create the Kimberley Process in 2002. The KP uses an export certificate system to distinguish the legitimate rough diamond trade from so-called ‘blood diamonds’, which are also known as ‘conflict diamonds’. This book considers the extent to which the KP, supported by other agencies at the international and national levels, has been effective in achieving its mandate. In so doing, it presents an original model derived from the domain of regulatory theory, the Dual Networked Pyramid, as a means of describing the operation of the system and suggesting possible improvements that might be made to it.


The Lion That Didn T Roar

The Lion That Didn t Roar PDF
Get This Book
Author: Nigel Davidson
Publisher:
ISBN: 9781760460259
Size: 57.56 MB
Format: PDF, ePub
Category : Conflict diamonds
Languages : un
Pages : 311
View: 783

In 2017 it will be Australia's turn to chair the Kimberley Process Certification Scheme (KP), an international organisation set up to regulate the trade in diamonds. Diamonds are a symbol of love, purchased to celebrate marriage, and it is therefore deeply ironic that the diamond trade has become linked with warfare and human rights violations committed in African producer countries such as Sierra Leone, the Democratic Republic of Congo and, more recently, Zimbabwe and Angola. In their quest for diamonds, or by using diamonds to purchase weapons, armed groups in these countries have engaged in recruiting child soldiers, amputating limbs, and committing rape and murder. In response to the problem, the international community, non-governmental organisations and key industry players such as De Beers combined forces to create the Kimberley Process in 2002. The KP uses an export certificate system to distinguish the legitimate rough diamond trade from so-called 'blood diamonds', which are also known as 'conflict diamonds'. This book considers the extent to which the KP, supported by other agencies at the international and national levels, has been effective in achieving its mandate. In so doing, it presents an original model derived from the domain of regulatory theory, the Dual Networked Pyramid, as a means of describing the operation of the system and suggesting possible improvements that might be made to it.


Tribune

Tribune PDF
Get This Book
Author:
Publisher:
ISBN:
Size: 45.20 MB
Format: PDF, ePub
Category :
Languages : en
Pages :
View: 878



Blood On The Stone

Blood on the Stone PDF
Get This Book
Author: Ian Smillie
Publisher: Anthem Press
ISBN: 0857289632
Size: 16.11 MB
Format: PDF, ePub, Mobi
Category : History
Languages : un
Pages : 237
View: 3414

Africa's diamond wars took four million lives. 'Blood on the Stone' tells the story of how diamonds came to be so dangerous, describing the great diamond cartel and a dangerous pipeline leading from war-torn Africa to the glittering showrooms of Paris, London and New York. It describes the campaign that forced an industry and more than 50 governments to create a global control mechanism, and it provides a sobering prognosis on its future.


West Africa

West Africa PDF
Get This Book
Author:
Publisher:
ISBN:
Size: 14.18 MB
Format: PDF
Category : Africa, West
Languages : en
Pages :
View: 6907



The Influence Of Corporate Social Responsibility Csr On Taiwanese Consumers Purchase Intention And Brand Image In The Diamond Industry

The influence of Corporate Social Responsibility  CSR  on Taiwanese Consumers    Purchase Intention and Brand Image in the Diamond Industry PDF
Get This Book
Author: Peter Maine
Publisher: GRIN Verlag
ISBN: 3656581851
Size: 25.59 MB
Format: PDF, Mobi
Category : Business & Economics
Languages : un
Pages : 27
View: 224

Research Paper (postgraduate) from the year 2011 in the subject Business economics - Business Management, Corporate Governance, grade: A, University of Kent, course: BA, language: English, abstract: In spite of the pessimistic worries of the global economy, in 2011 the global diamond industry performed successfully beyond expectation. A total of 124 million carats of rough diamonds, which is worth of $15 billion, were excavated (AWDC, 2013). According to the industry consulting organization, Bain & Company (2013), “those stones were worth $24 billion after moving through the chain of dealers, cutters and polishers, on their way to making diamond jewellery worth $71 billion at retail”. They also reported that compared to 2010, the global diamond sales significantly increased by 18% to $71 billion, close to the 2007 peak of $73 billion before the crisis. IDEX (2013) and Tacy LTD (2013) indicated that the majority of growth contributed to the mounting demand from Chinese and Indian markets. De Beers, which is reviewed in this proposal as an example of the world’s leading diamond company for more than a century, reached their second highest level of sales ever to $6.5 billion in 2011. In the 1990s an issue of “conflict diamonds” or “blood diamonds” was heatedly debated across the globe. The diamond industry encountered the crisis from their diamond sourced countries. In several politically unstable African countries, such as Angola, Sierra Leone, Liberia, the Democratic Republic of the Congo, the diamond mines were under control of the military as a means to finance their military power. With the media‘s widespread coverage and the movie “Blood Diamond”, the transactions between diamond buyers and the military, although not all from such illegal channels, were regarded as intensifying violent tribal conflict. Consequently, the reputation of the diamond industry was blackened (The Kimberly Process, 2013; Pauwelyn, 2003; Worldbank.org, 2013). In response to this situation, the Kimberley Process was organized in 2002. Under the auspices of the United Nations, The Kimberley Process Certification Scheme (KPCS) conducted a list of rules that every diamond trading country should obey: certification of rough diamonds is now required before being exported (Pauwelyn, 2003; Schefer, 2005). This is to "guarantee that their trade does not finance rebel activities" (The Kimberly Process, 2013).


International Trade Reporter

International Trade Reporter PDF
Get This Book
Author:
Publisher:
ISBN:
Size: 72.34 MB
Format: PDF, ePub, Docs
Category : Commerce
Languages : en
Pages :
View: 2500



Faster And More United

Faster and More United  PDF
Get This Book
Author: Andrea Ricci
Publisher: European Communities
ISBN:
Size: 75.67 MB
Format: PDF, Kindle
Category : Political Science
Languages : en
Pages : 389
View: 3080

The last five years have witnessed an increase in global terrorism, natural disasters of an unprecedented scale, kidnappings of EU citizens in conflict zones, coups and assassinations of political leaders. Such events have posed new challenges to global security and the European Union has a responsibility to try to help to solve these problems. This book is a collection of writings and personal insights on the current state of play and future directions of European Crisis Response. Divided into six sections, it brings together experts from EU Institutions, European think tanks and universities, as well as high-ranking officials from the EU Military Staff and experienced practitioners from non-governmental organisations. Pictures from renowned photojournalists complement the texts throughout. It is one of the first comprehensive accounts of European policy in this field.