Defining Harm

Defining Harm PDF
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Author: Lori G. Beaman
Publisher: UBC Press
ISBN: 0774858206
Size: 30.90 MB
Format: PDF, Docs
Category : Political Science
Languages : en
Pages : 200
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A powerful examination of the governance of a religious citizen and of the limits of religious freedom, this book demonstrates that the stakes in debates on religious freedom are not just about beliefs and practices but also have implications for the construction of citizenship in a diverse nation. Lori Beaman looks at the case of Jehovah's Witness Bethany Hughes who was denied her right to refuse treatment on the basis of her religious conviction, reflecting a particular moment in the socio-legal treatment of religious freedom and reveals the specific intersection of religious, medical, legal, and other discourses in the governance of the religious citizen.


Environmental Law

Environmental Law PDF
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Author: Casenotes
Publisher: Wolters Kluwer
ISBN: 0735558302
Size: 43.78 MB
Format: PDF, Kindle
Category : Law
Languages : en
Pages : 148
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After your casebook, Casenote Legal Briefs will be your most important reference source for the entire semester. It is the most popular legal briefs series available, with over 140 titles, and is relied on by thousands of students for its expert case summaries, comprehensive analysis of concurrences and dissents, as well as of the majority opinion in the briefs. Casenotes Features: Keyed to specific casebooks by title/author Most current briefs available Redesigned for greater student accessibility Sample brief with element descriptions called out Redesigned chapter opener provides rule of law and page number for each brief Quick Course Outline chart included with major titles Revised glossary in dictionary format


Drugs And Justice

Drugs and Justice PDF
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Author: M. Pabst Battin
Publisher: Oxford University Press
ISBN: 0195321006
Size: 63.90 MB
Format: PDF, Docs
Category : Law
Languages : en
Pages : 279
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This compact and innovative book tackles one of the central issues in drug policy: the lack of a coherent conceptual structure for thinking about drugs. Drugs generally fall into one of seven categories: prescription, over the counter, alternative medicine, common-use drugs like alcohol, tobacco and caffeine; religious-use, sports enhancement; and of course illegal street drugs like cocaine and marijuana. Our thinking and policies varies wildly from one to the other, with inconsistencies that derive more from cultural and social values than from medical or scientific facts. Penalties exist for steroid use, while herbal remedies or cold medication are legal. Native Americans may legally use peyote, but others may not. Penalties may vary for using different forms of the same drug, such as crack vs. powder cocaine. Herbal remedies are unregulated by the FDA; but medical marijuana is illegal in most states. Battin and her contributors lay a foundation for a wiser drug policy by promoting consistency and coherency in the discussion of drug issues and by encouraging a unique dialogue across disciplines. The contributors are an interdisciplinary group of scholars mostly based at the University of Utah, and include a pharmacologist, a psychiatrist, a toxicologist, a trial court judge, a law professor, an attorney, a diatary specialist, a physician, a health expert on substance abuse, and Battin herself who is a philosopher. They consider questions like the historical development of current policy and the rationales for it; scientific views on how drugs actually cause harm; how to define the key notions of harm and addiction; and ways in which drug policy can be made more consistent. They conclude with an examination of the implications of a consistent policy for various disciplines and society generally. The book is written accessibly with little need for expert knowledge, and will appeal to a diverse audience of philosophers, bioethicists, clinicians, policy makers, law enforcement, legal scholars and practitioners, social workers, and general readers, as well as to students in areas like pharmacy, medicine, law, nursing, sociology, social work, psychology, and bioethics.


Safety And Reliability In Pediatrics An Issue Of Pediatric Clinics E Book

Safety and Reliability in Pediatrics  An Issue of Pediatric Clinics   E Book PDF
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Author: Brian Jacobs
Publisher: Elsevier Health Sciences
ISBN: 1455747394
Size: 37.94 MB
Format: PDF, Mobi
Category : Medical
Languages : en
Pages : 240
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The Guest Editors have assembled an international list of top experts to present the most current information to pediatricians about patient safety. The issue has a primarily clinical focus with a few articles addressing the business and practice of patient safety. Articles are devoted to the following topics: Developing performance standards and expectations for safety; The role of CPOE in patient safety; The role of smart infusion pumps on patient safety; Abstracted detection of adverse events in children; The role of effective communication (including handoffs) in patient safety; Reducing mortality resulting from adverse events; Optimizing standardization of case reviews (morbidity and mortality rounds) to promote patient safety; Impact of (resident) duty work hours on patient safety; Role of simulation in safety; The role of diagnostic errors in patient safety; The role of collaborative efforts to reduce hospital acquired conditions; Patient safety in ambulatory care; Role of FDA and pediatric safety; and Patient safety through the eyes of a parent.


Toward A Unified Criminology

Toward a Unified Criminology PDF
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Author: Robert Agnew
Publisher: NYU Press
ISBN: 0814707904
Size: 54.29 MB
Format: PDF
Category : Social Science
Languages : en
Pages : 253
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Why do people commit crimes? How do we control crime? The theories that criminologists use to answer these questions are built on a number of underlying assumptions, including those about the nature of crime, free will, human nature, and society. These assumptions have a fundamental impact on criminology: they largely determine what criminologists study, the causes they examine, the control strategies they recommend, and how they test their theories and evaluate crime-control strategies. In Toward a Unified Criminology, noted criminologist Robert Agnew provides a critical examination of these assumptions, drawing on a range of research and perspectives to argue that these assumptions are too restrictive, unduly limiting the types of crime that are explored, the causes that are considered, and the methods of data collection and analysis that are employed. As such, they undermine our ability to explain and control crime. Agnew then proposes an alternative set of assumptions, drawing heavily on both mainstream and critical theories of criminology, with the goal of laying the foundation for a unified criminology that is better able to explain a broader range of crimes.


Public Health Ethics

Public Health Ethics PDF
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Author: Stephen Holland
Publisher: John Wiley & Sons
ISBN: 0745688128
Size: 39.55 MB
Format: PDF, ePub, Docs
Category : Medical
Languages : en
Pages : 288
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How far should we go in protecting and promoting public health? Can we force people to give up unhealthy habits and make healthier choices? Should we stop treating smokers who refuse to give up smoking, for example, or put a tax on fatty foods and ban vending machines in schools to address the ‘obesity epidemic’? Or can we nudge people towards healthy options without compromising their freedom to choose? Such questions are at the heart of public health ethics. In this second edition of his well respected textbook, Stephen Holland shows that to understand and debate these issues requires philosophy: moral philosophies, including utilitarianism and deontology, as well as political philosophies such as liberalism and communitarianism. And philosophy informs other aspects of public health, such as epidemiology, health promotion, and screening. The new edition has been fully revised and updated to reflect recent developments in the field. There is a new chapter on the ethics of 'harm reduction', looking at policies which aim to reduce the harmful effects of unhealthy behaviour, such as using illicit drugs, as opposed to trying to get people to abstain. Additional material has been added on the recent interest in 'nudging' people towards more healthy choices in a new theoretical section on libertarian paternalism, as well as more on debates on the ethics of other current public health policies, such as using financial incentives to get people to take more responsibility for their own health. Public Health Ethics provides a lively, accessible and philosophically informed introduction to such issues. As well as being an ideal textbook for students taking courses in public health ethics, Holland’s systematic discussion of the ethics of public health will engage and inform the more advanced reader too.


Should A Liberal State Ban The Burqa

Should a Liberal State Ban the Burqa  PDF
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Author: Brandon Robshaw
Publisher: Bloomsbury Publishing
ISBN: 1350125075
Size: 11.58 MB
Format: PDF
Category : Philosophy
Languages : en
Pages : 264
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Debates about whether the Wahhabist practice of face-veiling for women should be banned in modern liberal states tend to generate more heat than light. This book brings clarity to what can be a confusing subject by disentangling the different strands of the problem and breaking through the accusations of misogyny and Islamophobia. Explaining and expounding the ideas of giants of the liberal tradition including Locke, Mill, and Rawls as well as contemporary thinkers like Nussbaum, Kymlicka and Oshana, the book considers a variety of conceptions of liberalism and how they affect the response to the question. Directly addressing issues facing many of today's societies, it unpicks whether paternalism on grounds of welfare can be justified within liberalism, the value of personal autonomy and the problem of whether a socially influenced choice counts as a genuine preference. Covering the role of multiculturalism, gender issues and feminism, this comprehensive philosophical study of a major political question gets to the heart of whether a ban could be justified in principle, and also questions whether any such ban could prove efficacious in achieving its end.


Law And Ethics

Law and Ethics PDF
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Author: Judith Hendrick
Publisher: Nelson Thornes
ISBN: 9780748775415
Size: 49.36 MB
Format: PDF, ePub
Category : Medical
Languages : en
Pages : 289
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"...This engaging text demonstrates the importance of law and ethics to practitioners' approach to health and illness, their care practice and the UK health care system" -- back cover.


Substance Use Disorders

Substance Use Disorders PDF
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Author: Antoine Douaihy
Publisher: Oxford University Press
ISBN: 0199337209
Size: 77.22 MB
Format: PDF, ePub
Category : Medical
Languages : en
Pages : 360
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Substance use disorders (SUDs) are common among many patients with medical and psychiatric disorders. Professionals from all medical and behavioral health disciplines must address SUDs to provide optimal care to patients. Failure to do so may contribute to morbidity and mortality in cases of more severe substance dependence. This new volume in the Pittsburgh Pocket Psychiatry series provides a comprehensive overview of substance use disorders for medical students and psychiatric residents. It is aimed particularly at increasing student's knowledge and skills in addressing SUDs. The handy pocket-sized book focuses on those substances used, abused and leading to addiction and the clinical implications of SUDs. Epidemiology, etiology, classifications of SUDs, screening and assessment, and pharmacotherapy and psychosocial interventions are discussed alongside case histories illustrating the material covered. Questions for the reader stimulate thinking about specific cases and how the medical student or resident can help patients with SUDs. Additional chapters focus on problems caused or worsened by SUDs such as Hepatitis C, HIV/AIDS and co-occurring psychiatric disorders. Relapse and recovery are also explored given many patients with substance dependence relapse. Adolescents with SUDs, prevention and harm reduction interventions are also reviewed. The concept of rom SUDs is incorporated in many of the chapters. Medical, psychological, family and cultural aspects of addiction and recovery are addressed, providing the reader with a broad framework for understanding and helping patients with SUDs, as well as their families. An extensive list of online resources is provided that includes mutual support programs as well as professionals and organizations who offer helpful materials and programs for patients with SUDs. Contributing authors represent medicine, psychiatry, social work, psychology in diverse treatment settings. Many authors are also researchers and all are educators involved in mentoring medical students, residents, fellows and other health care professionals.


Liberty For All

Liberty for All PDF
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Author: Elizabeth Price Foley
Publisher: Yale University Press
ISBN: 9780300134995
Size: 28.10 MB
Format: PDF, ePub, Mobi
Category : History
Languages : en
Pages : 304
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divIn the opening chapter of this book, Elizabeth Price Foley writes, “The slow, steady, and silent subversion of the Constitution has been a revolution that Americans appear to have slept through, unaware that the blessings of liberty bestowed upon them by the founding generation were being eroded.” She proceeds to explain how, by abandoning the founding principles of limited government and individual liberty, we have become entangled in a labyrinth of laws that regulate virtually every aspect of behavior and limit what we can say, read, see, consume, and do. Foley contends that the United States has become a nation of too many laws where citizens retain precious few pockets of individual liberty. With a close analysis of urgent constitutional questions—abortion, physician-assisted suicide, medical marijuana, gay marriage, cloning, and U.S. drug policy—Foley shows how current constitutional interpretation has gone astray. Without the bias of any particular political agenda, she argues convincingly that we need to return to original conceptions of the Constitution and restore personal freedoms that have gradually diminished over time./DIV